Just as you teach appropriate behavior to your children, dogs also need to be trained to behave in an acceptable manner. The difference however is the age at which the training is most effective. While a one year old human baby can hardly be expected to learn more than toilet training, a year old dog is considered to be a teenager. That means dog training should start as soon as he opens up his eyes and starts to recognise the members of what he will later consider as his ‘pack’.
Most dogs and puppies are lovable creatures, adorable, affectionate and sweet. At the same time puppies love to play and bite each other all the time. If they spend enough time in the litter they learn to control themselves. The reaction of other dogs in the litter ensures that. It is experience that teaches them what is acceptable and what is not.
It is trust and respect rather than reprimand and punishment that inhibit dog biting. If the dog does not learn something, the fault lies more with the trainer than with the dog. Hitting, kicking or slapping is not likely to restrict your pup’s biting. He may continue to try and bite you and loving you at the same time. Trust and respect comes from patience and not from punishment.
Dogs give their unconditional love to their owners but in their mind that is not linked with their biting or aggressive behaviour. This is especially because biting comes naturally to them. If you want puppies to adhere to the acceptable human behaviours, you will need to train them adequately for the same.
The major step in teaching obedience for not biting starts with socialising. A lack of socialising means that the puppy starts considering you as his life mate and start expecting the world from you. When you do not meet his demands, he is liable to resort to aggressive dog behaviour.
Training mature dogs not to bite requires special techniques. Dog biting by adult dogs is usually a result of a desire to dominate. If your dog nips, growls or actually bites isolate him for some time. Later, let him earn everything. Make sure he obeys your commands of sit or stay every time before you feed him. Be consistent in your training because if you let him bite sometimes then biting cannot be stopped at all. Build trust and let the dog feel that it is not him that you dislike but his biting is what annoys you.
Sending out consistent signals that you are the master usually treats dominance related dog aggression. Define boundaries clearly and do not let the dog come into the areas that are restricted for him. Do not let him sleep in the bedroom or on the bed. Consistently follow up with commands and make sure he is rewarded every time he obeys.
Dog biting may also arise from fear. Do not worsen the situation by punishing. Identify the event, object, or person that the dog fears. Gradually increase the confidence of the dog by constantly introducing him to new people, settings, and animals. If he remains calm, offer him a treat.
Dog biting is a natural canine trait, which dogs usually give up as they grow and socialise. Mature and trained dogs do not usually bite. It is usually a result of bad training where the alpha status of the owner is not firmly established. Obedience automatically follows when the dog accepts that you are the master.